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10 March 2024 - Daily Current Affairs


1. From Ottoman Princess to Hyderabadi Champion: Princess Durrusehvar's Legacy

A Royal Upbringing and Uprooting

  • In 1924, Princess Durrusehvar was driven away from her family home when Turkey became a Republic and the royalty traced to the Ottoman Caliphate was abolished..

Marriage into Opulence

  • A few years later, in 1931, Princess Durrusehvar married Azam Jah, the eldest son of Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan.

Embracing a New Home

  • Despite cultural differences, the Princess learns Urdu and identifies with Hyderabad.

Championing Women's Education

  • Princess Durrusehvar establishes numerous educational institutions for girls.

Breaking Down Social Barriers

  • One of the key indicators of elite social life in Hyderabad was the demarcation of spaces as ‘zenana’ and ‘mardana’. The Princess challenges social norms by inviting couples to public events.

A Lasting Legacy

  • Princess Durrusehvar integrates into Hyderabadi society and leaves a mark through her work for women's education and social progress.


2. Krystyna Pyszkova from Czech Republic crowned Miss World 2024


Miss World 2024 Crown Goes to Czech Republic

  • Winner: Krystyna Pyszkova from Czech Republic

  • Runner-Up: Yasmina Zaytoun from Lebanon

  • Host Country: India (after 28 years)

  • Venue: Jio World Convention Centre, BKC, Mumbai

Highlights

  • India's Sini Shetty couldn't make it to the top 4.

  • The 71st pageant involved 112 countries.

  • Judges included celebrities like Kriti Sanon, Pooja Hegde, Harbhajan Singh, and Manushi Chillar.


India has won the prestigious title six times — Reita Faria (1966), Aishwarya Rai Bachchan (1994), Diana Hayden (1997), Yukta Mookhey (1999), Priyanka Chopra Jonas (2000), and Manushi Chillar (2017).


3.Semiotics

Semiotics is the study of signs and symbols, and how we use them to communicate and understand meaning. Here are some key points about semiotics:

  • Signs are everywhere: Semiotics considers everything from traffic signs and written language to gestures, fashion choices, and even emojis to be signs.

  • Signs have multiple interpretations: A single sign can have different meanings depending on the context. For example, a red rose might symbolize love, but it could also represent danger or secrecy.

  • Context is crucial: To understand the meaning of a sign, you need to consider the context in which it appears. For instance, a stop sign has a very different meaning on a deserted road than at a busy intersection.

  • It's a complex field: Semiotics is a vast field of study that encompasses many different theories and approaches. It can be applied to understand everything from literature and art to advertising and social media.

4. India Needs a Legal Framework for Genomics

India has made significant progress in genomics research, but a legal framework is urgently needed to ensure its benefits reach the population.

Key Challenges:

  • Data Protection: Indian samples are being sent abroad for research with little oversight.

  • Fragmented Data: Genetic testing data from various organizations is not well-coordinated.

  • Discrimination: Lack of legal protection against discrimination based on genetic information.

  • Equity and Diversity: Unequal access to genomics benefits for disadvantaged groups.

  • Ethical Concerns: Need for guidelines to ensure ethical use of genomics technology.

Benefits of a Legal Framework:

  • Fair Access: Ensure everyone benefits from genomics advancements in healthcare.

  • Trust and Innovation: Clear policies will foster collaboration and innovation.

  • Public Health Decisions: Data aggregation can inform public health initiatives.

  • Quality Control: Mechanisms to ensure the accuracy and validity of genomic tests.

India's Potential:

With a proper legal framework, India can be a leader in using genomics to revolutionize healthcare and improve lives.


5. Oldest Dated Cave Paintings of South America Found

Discovery:

  • Archaeologists in Argentina and Chile unearthed the earliest dated cave paintings in South America.

  • The paintings, located in the Huenul 1 cave (Argentina, Patagonia), are 8,200 years old.

Dating Method:

  • Dating was achieved by analyzing four black, charcoal-drawn hand-shaped figures (peniform patterns).

Significance:

  • This discovery pushes back the known timeline for cave art creation in South America.

  • The consistent use of the hand-shaped symbol for 3,000 years suggests a cultural tradition.

  • The paintings offer insights into the artistic abilities and communication methods of hunter-gatherers from the Middle Holocene period.

  • They may also reflect how these societies adapted to a period of extreme dryness.

Future Exploration:

  • While Huenul 1 holds the current record, older cave paintings with relative dating exist elsewhere in South America (e.g., Argentina's Cueva de las Manos).


South America Map

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