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Population Composition in India


Key Points:

  • High Rural Population: Around 72% of India's population lives in villages, with 640,867 villages identified in the 2011 census.

  • Uneven Distribution: Rural population distribution varies significantly across states:

  • High: Bihar, Sikkim

  • Low: Goa, Maharashtra

  • Exception: Dadra and Nagar Haveli (77.1% rural)

  • Village Size Variation: Village sizes range from less than 200 people in hilly regions to 17,000 in Kerala and parts of Maharashtra.

  • Urbanization Trends: While urban population is lower (27.8%), it's growing faster due to economic development and improved health conditions.

  • Uneven Urban Distribution: Similar to rural areas, urban population distribution varies widely across the country (details not provided in this excerpt).

  • Urban Growth Across States: All states and union territories have seen increased urban population, suggesting both urban area development and rural-urban migration.

  • Migration Patterns: Migration is prominent in:

  • Areas along major transport routes in North Indian Plains

  • Industrial areas around major cities (Kolkata, Mumbai, etc.)

  • Low Urbanization Areas: Regions with:

  • Stagnant agriculture (middle and lower Ganga Plains, Telangana)

  • Low irrigation (Western Rajasthan)

  • Remote hilly or tribal areas (North-East)

  • Flood-prone areas (Peninsular India)

  • Eastern Madhya Pradesh


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