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Classification of DPSP's

Classification of DPSPs

The Directive Principles have not been properly classified in the Constitution (Constitution does not classify DPSP's as such). Yet they can be conveniently divided into the following categories: -

Socialist Principles

i) Equal distribution of wealth and material resources among all classes of people so as to prevent its concentration in a few hands. (Art. 38 and 39)

ii) Provision of adequate means of livelihood to all the citizens. (Art. 43)

iii) Equal pay for equal similar work for both men and women. (Art. 39)

iv) Right to work, education and public assistance (Art. 41)

v) To ensure just and humane conditions of work, a decent standard of living, full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities. (Art. 42)

vi) Maintenance and protection of health and strength of all citizens.

vii) To make provision for public assistance in case of unemployment, old age, sickness, disability and other cases of undeserved want. viii) To raise the level of nutrition and standard of living and to improve public health (Art. 47)

Gandhian Principles

i) Prohibition of intoxicating drinks and drugs. (Art. 47) ii) To organise village Panchayats. (Art. 40) iii) To provide free and compulsory education for children up to the age of fourteen. (Art. 45) iv) To promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people and particularly scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation. (Art. 46) v) Prohibit to the slaughter of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle and to promote animal husbandry for improving their breed. (Art. 48) vi) To organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines (Art. 48)

Liberal Intellectual Principles

i) To promote international peace and security (Art. 51) ii) To maintain just and Honorable relations between nations. iii) To foster respect for international law and treaty oblations in the dealings of organised people with one another. iv) To encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration

v) To secure for the citizens Uniform Civil Code through out the territory of India. (Art. 44)

vi) To separate Judiciary from the Executive (Art. 50).

vii) To protect monuments, historical buildings and places and objects of national importance. (Art. 49)

Directive Principles of State Policy are significant to realize ideals of welfare state and to achieve socio-economic justice.

Practice Question

Consider the following statements regarding DPSPs

  1. DPSPs

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Directive Principles of State Policy

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